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The Terraces of the Valley. Two-thirds of the vineyard are located on the Lot’s alluvial terraces.The valley of the Lot is divided up into three terraces comprising alluvial deposits from the Massif Central. The higher the altitude, the better the soil drainage.
The lower terraces close to the river produce supple and fruity wines. The medium ones produce fleshier wines. It is the upper ones, as well as the soil made up of limestone scree from the plateau, that produce the richest Cahors, suitable for ageing.
Also of note are the terroirs of the upper quaternary era, alluvial soil deposits, covering the rocks and resisting erosion: these are much more rare, but they also produce very well-renowned wines. These terraces are made up of limestone sub-soils, rich with ancient and more recent alluvial deposits
from the river and its tributaries, made up of quartz stones, smooth pebbles and limestone gravel produced by erosion.
On the heights, a limestone plateau is found much higher up, at an altitude of 300 metres. It is less fertile than the terraces and less concerned by the influence of the river. The contrast in temperature between the day-time and the night-time results in a later ripening harvest, with less flesh but greater finesse. This limestone plateau is made up of loose clay stones, more or less mixed with marl on the chalky terrain and sometimes covered with siderolithic formations (rich ferruginous concretions).
Diagrams and more information are available in our Press Kit.